arrow arrow 2 - arrow 2.05.03-84

2.05.03-84
  
06.03.2013 .

5.4. , , , . 8 8 .

5.5. nb = Est/Eb, Est = 2,06×105 (2,1×106 /2) , b , . 3.32*.

5.6. . 90. , . 19 20.

90

,

-

-

-

-

- -

-

-

-

-

( - )

kr, us

vkr, us

kr, us

kr, us

kr, us

-

kr, us

cr, pl

vkr, us

cr

wud

cr

wud

wud

cr, pl

-

-

wud

cr

-

-

pl

-

-

-

-

wud

-

-, ,

wud

-

-

wud

cr

-

wud

. 90 :

kr ;

us ;

vkr ;

cr ( );

l ( );

wud ;

, .

5.7. , 0,2 Rb, Rb . 3.24*.

, , EbIb.

19, bIb £ 0,2 EstIs; EstIs .

, 19.

5.8. , , 19.

5.9. . .

eshr 2×10-4 1×10-4 .

20.

ef,shr = 0,5b.

5.10. . , , .

, :

) (. 14, ):

, , , 30 , 30 ;

, , , , 15 ;

, , , 15 ;

) :

, , , , 15 ;

, , , 10 ;

) :

, , , 20 ;

, , , 15 ;

) () , , , 20 .

:

(. 14, ) i-

 :  ,,  2.05.03-84   ,                               (237)

Zb1,i, hw - . 14, , ;

;

14, i-

 :  ,,  2.05.03-84   ,                                       (238)

Zbf,i - . 14, , .

. 14, .

20.

         [    ;           ;           ] -  :  ,,  2.05.03-84

. 14.

;

;

5.11. , , .

.

5.12. . . 3.95*.

 :  ,,  2.05.03-84   ; r, Ar , ycr , . 91.

91

ycr

-

; ;

1,00

1,00

0,70

1,00

0,75

0,50

.

, , .

5.13. , , .

5.14. , , .

.

5.15. bsl (. 15). , , : . 92.

      ,    -  :  ,,  2.05.03-84

. 15. ,

92

,

l

. 4

/2

b

4

a + 6tsl ,

/2 l/8

bc

. 12

12

a + 6tsl,c,

l/12

. 92 :

, ;

tsl, tsl,c ( );

l , :

;

;

, , ;

, (. . 15);

(. . 15).

5.16. b, tsl nb . 5.5. , , 19 20.

, , nr = st / r , Er rs rp , . 34.

, .

5.17. .

. 4.24.

5.18. . 4.41, 4.42 4.51.

, . , , . 3.



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