arrow arrow 2 - arrow 2.05.03-84

2.05.03-84
  
06.03.2013 .

4.26*. , ,

                                

                               ¾¾ £ Rym ,                                                                                                    (142)

                               æWh

æ , (143) (144)* . 4.32;

Wn , bef.

Q æ :

tm £ 0,25 Rs

æ = æ1;                                                              (143)

0,25 Rs < tm £ Rs

æ = æ1 :  ,,  2.05.03-84   ;

0 £ æ £ æ1 ,

 :  ,,  2.05.03-84

(144)*

æ1 , , . 61, 1,15, - 1,25;

 :  ,,  2.05.03-84     ,

 :  ,,  2.05.03-84    :  ,,  2.05.03-84   ;  :  ,,  2.05.03-84    - ;

 :  ,,  2.05.03-84   - ;

Qu - ,

                                            Rsmæ2It

                               Qu = ¾¾¾¾¾ ,                                                                                         

                                                     S

æ2 (160).

61

f,min

æ1 (f,min+Aw)/A,

Aw

0,01

0,1

0,2

0,3

0,4

0,5

0,6

0,7

0,8

0,9

1,0

0

1,243

1,248

1,253

1,258

1,264

1,269

1,274

1,279

1,283

1,267

1,243

0,1

1,187

1,191

1,195

1,199

1,202

1,206

1,209

1,212

1,214

1,160

-

0,2

1,152

1,155

1,158

1,162

1,165

1,168

1,170

1,172

1,150

-

-

0,3

1,128

1,131

1,133

1,136

1,139

1,142

1,144

1,145

1,097

-

-

0,4

1,110

1,113

1,115

1,118

1,120

1,123

1,125

1,126

1,069

-

-

0,5

1,097

1,099

1,102

1,104

1,106

1,109

1,110

1,106

1,061

-

-

0,6

1,087

1,089

1,091

1,093

1,095

1,097

1,099

1,079

-

-

-

0,7

1,078

1,080

1,082

1,084

1,086

1,088

1,090

1,055

-

-

-

0,8

1,071

1,073

1,075

1,077

1,079

1,081

1,082

1,044

-

-

-

0,9

1,065

1,067

1,069

1,071

1,073

1,074

1,076

1,036

-

-

-

1,0

1,060

1,062

1,064

1,066

1,067

1,069

1,071

1,031

-

-

-

2,0

1,035

1,036

1,037

1,038

1,039

1,040

1,019

-

-

-

-

3,0

1,024

1,025

1,026

1,027

1,028

1,029

1,017

-

-

-

-

4,0

1,019

1,019

1,020

1,021

1,021

1,022

1,015

-

-

-

-

5,0

1,015

1,015

1,016

1,017

1,018

1,018

-

-

-

-

-

: 1. w .

2. f,min = 0.

bef Wn

 :  ,,  2.05.03-84   ,                                                         (145)

v bi bef, . 62;

bi , smax ( bi = b) (bi = bk), b > 0,04l bk ³ 0,02l ( v = 1);

l .

62

]

smin / smax

v

smin / smax

v

1,0

1

0,25

0,65

0,7

1

0,20

0,60

0,5

0,85

0,10

0,52

0,33

0,72

0

0,43

. 62 :

smax, smin bi, .

.  , , , , , v .

4.27. , , :

                               |Mx|                  |My|

                               ¾¾¾ yx + ¾¾¾ yy £ Rym ;                                                                    (146)

                               æxWxn               æyWyn

                               Mxy                  Myx

                               ¾¾¾ yx ¾¾¾ yy £ Rym ;                                                                    (147)

                               æx Ixn                 æy Iyn

æx, æy - , (143) (144)* ;

yx, yy - , :

:

                                                  |Mx|

                               yx  =  ¾¾¾¾¾ ;       yy = 1 ;                                                                   (148)

                                            æxWxnRym

:

                    :  ,,  2.05.03-84   ;        :  ,,  2.05.03-84   ,                                                   (149)

                                        |Mx|                                   |My|

                   wx  =  ¾¾¾¾¾¾ ;   wy = ¾¾¾¾¾¾ .                                                        (150)

                               æxWxnRym                        æyWynRym



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