arrow arrow 2 - arrow 2.04.02-84

2.04.02-84
  
19.02.2013 .

--

24. -- ( ) .

58 / 30.

:

--, 0,1 -/3 0,4 -/3; 4 -/3 2 -/3.

-- - ; 0,01 -/3, 0,7 -/3;

- ; 0,71,5 -/3 , 0,71,5 -/3. , , . .

25. , - - --, :

, - , 3/,

 :  , ,  2.04.02-84     = q ( - )/( + );                                               (10)

, -  :  , ,  2.04.02-84     , 3/,

 :  , ,  2.04.02-84      = q -  :  , ,  2.04.02-84     ,                                                        (11)

q -- , 3/;

 :  , ,  2.04.02-84        :  , ,  2.04.02-84       - - , 3/;

, -/3;

, -/3;

(, , .), -/3.

 

: 1. - -, - - .

2. - , () (); - , .

26. W, 3, -

 

 :  , ,  2.04.02-84                                                  (12)

WNa, 3, -

 

 :  , ,  2.04.02-84                                                      (13)

o , -/3

np , . 14;

 :  , ,  2.04.02-84       -, -/3;

 :  , ,  2.04.02-84       -, -/3;

Na , -/3, . 15.

27.  :  , ,  2.04.02-84     , -/3,-

 

 :  , ,  2.04.02-84      = a - 0,5q,                                                     (14)

a -, . 4;

, , , -/3;

q , 45 3 1 3 ;

, -/3.

4

, /-,

50

100

150

200

-, a

0,68

0,85

0,91

0,92

. 15.

28. - - F, 2, FNa, 2,

 

F = W; FNa = wNa,                                                    (15)

, , . 16.

- , . 1820.

29. - - .

- : . - , - - . . 25.

30. - 11,5 %- . .

10 / , 10 /.

, , .

, .., .

. - ( -2).

31. 100 %- , , -

= f :  , ,  2.04.02-84     /1000,                                                       (16)

, /-, . 2 .

     ,  -- :  , ,  2.04.02-84

. 2. , -

32. ( ) - .

33. .

34. - - - 25254 .

60 3/ 1 2 , 40 3/.

15 3 1 3 . , , , 30 . . 1 , 10 . . 3040 . .

, , . 5 (2), /3, ,

(2) = (2)0 + 44,                                                    (17)

(2) , /3;

, -/3.

5

(2) ,

,

, /3

1

2

3

50

3

4

100

4

5,2

150

4,7

6

200

5,1

6,5

250

5,5

6,8

300

5,7

7

35. -- - :

)  :  , ,  2.04.02-84     ,-/3, -

 

 :  , ,  2.04.02-84      = (Cl-) + ( :  , ,  2.04.02-84     ) + - (Na+),                                          (18)

(l-) ( :  , ,  2.04.02-84     ) , -/3;

- , 0,71,5 -/3;

(Na+) , -/3;

) - 50 1 - ;

)  :  , ,  2.04.02-84     ( ) -1 250300 -/3 -4 500600 -/3.

36. - --, - , - .

37. , , , .

38. -- - .

39. , ; .

. .

( - ) - ( ).



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( 19.02.2013 . )
 
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