arrow arrow 2 - arrow 2.04.02-84

2.04.02-84
  
19.02.2013 .

-

 

12. - 58 / 30. - .

13. - 0,050,1 -/3, 0,01 -/3.

14. W, 3,

 

W = 24q./n :  , ,  2.04.02-84     ,                                                      (6)

q , 3/;

. , -/3;

 :  , ,  2.04.02-84       -; -/3

n , .

15. -  :  , ,  2.04.02-84     ,-/3

 :  , ,  2.04.02-84      = aNabNa - 0,5q.,                                             (7)

aNa -, , . 1;

bNa , Ca2+ Mg2+ Na+, . 2, Na , -/3 (Na = (Na+)/23);

1

, -

100

150

200

250

300

aNa

0,62

0,74

0,81

0,86

0,9

2

Cna/.

0,01

0,05

0,1

0,5

1

5

10

bNa

0,93

0,88

0,83

0,7

0,65

0,54

0,5

, -/3, . : 0,51,1 500 -/3; -2 0,81,2 15001700 -/3.

q , 3 1 3 , 4 -2 ? 6.

16. F, 2,

 

F = W/,                                                                 (8)

, 2 2,5 ( 10 -/3);

W (6).

: , .

17. :

5 -/3 25 /;

510 -/3 15 /;

1015 -/3 10 /.

. 10 / .

18. , . . 3.

3

, , 0,51,1

, , , /

0,81,2

5

10

15

20

25

2

4

5

5,5

6

7

2,5

4,5

5,5

6

6,5

7,5

19. 2,53 15 /.

20. 4 /(?2) 0,51,1 5 /(?2) 0,81,2 . 2030 . . 6.117.

21. . , , -

 

= f :  , ,  2.04.02-84     /1000,                                                         (9)

f , 2;

, , . 16;

 :  , ,  2.04.02-84       , -/3, . 15;

1 - , 120150 /- 150200 /- .

. 1.

     ,   -- :  , ,  2.04.02-84

. 1. , -

58 %.

34 /; 68 /, 56 3 1 3 .

22. - . 20, 21, : 1,5 ; 40 /; 300400 1 - ; 812 %.

1315 .

.

0,1 -/3, 250300 -/3.

23. - -.

 



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( 19.02.2013 . )
 
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